The Nepalese Army ( Nepali: नेपाली सेना) or
Gorkhali Army (Nepali: गोर्खाली सेना) is the armed military Land warfare force of Nepal available internationally and a major component of the Military of Nepal . Service is voluntary and the minimum age for enrollment is 18 years. The army was known as The Royal Nepalese Army (RNA) during the monarchy system in Nepal. It was renamed into Nepalese Army since 28 May 2008 with the abolishing of 238-year-old monarchy.
Nepali national soldiers by
Gustave Le Bon , 1885
Nepalese Army Lance Cpl. Nanu Tamang, with the Birendra Peace Operation Training Center, escorts a role player at the vehicle checkpoint training lane during Khaan Quest 2013 at Five Hills Training Area 130807-M-DR618-122
Nepal army’s Guruju Paltan (a ceremonial infantry company) in traditional uniform
Khukuri symbolic weapon of the Nepalese Army
Nepal unification campaign was a turning point in the history of the Nepalese army. Since unification was not possible without a strong army, the management of the armed forces had to be exceptional. Apart from the standard Malla era temples in Kathmandu, army being organized in Gorkhas , technicians and experts had to be brought in from abroad to manufacture war materials. After the Gorkhali troops captured Nuwakot, the hilly northern part of Kathmandu (Kantipur) in the year 1744, the
Gorkhali armed forces came to be known as the Royal Nepalese Army.
Their gallantry, sincerity and simplicity impressed even their enemy so much that the British East-India Company started recruiting Nepalese into their forces. Since the British had fought against then RNA, which was till that time, still colloquially known as “Army of
Gorkha ” or ” Gorkhali ” army, the British called their new soldiers ” Gurkhas “. Sikh and Gurkha army ‘s war took place in 1809 which is known as Gurkha-Sikh War . The Indian army, after gaining their independence from the British, started calling them ” Gorkha “. In 1946, the Royal Nepalese Army troops were led by
Commanding General Sir Baber Shamsher Jang Bahadur Rana at the Victory Parade in
The Gurkha Rifles existing in India and Britain are part of foreign military organizations where Nepalis are recruited. The NA are rightfully the true heir of the title of “The original Army of the Gorkha”.
Prior to 2006 the Nepalese Army was known as the Royal Nepalese Army and was under the control of the King of Nepal . Yet following the
Loktantra Andolan (People’s Movement for Democracy) on May 18, 2006 a Bill was passed by the Nepalese parliament curtailing royal power, this included renaming the army.
In 2004 Nepal spent $99.2 million on its military (1.5% of its GDP). Since 2002 the RNA had been involved in the Nepali Civil War they were also used to quell the pro-democracy protesters in April 2006 Loktantra Andolan. Most of its arms are supplied by India.
The Nepalese Army has about 95,000 infantry army and air service members protecting the sovereignty of Nepal.
The position of the Supreme Commander of the Nepalese Army is the President of the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal. Until 2006, the King of Nepal (monarchy abolished) was in control of all military forces in the country. The National Army was renamed from Royal Nepalese Army to Nepalese Army after the recent national conversion from a monarchy to a republic on 4th Jestha 2063 B.S.
The National Defence Council
This Council has seven members, the Prime Minister, the Defence Minister, the Chief of the Army Staff, Foreign Minister, Finance Minister, Home Minister and the Chief Secretary.
Now, Nepal is officially known as Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal. The declaration of republic meant that the king is consigned to the history books making the President the supreme commander of NA.
The Nepalese Army is divided into six divisions:
Eastern (2nd Brigade, 18th Brigade, 21st Brigade)
In addition there are 3 independent brigades:
The Primary role of the NA is to defend the territorial integrity, sovereignty and independence of Nepal. Their secondary role is to provide assistance to the Civilian Government of Nepal in the maintenance of internal security. Other duties include humanitarian assistance/disaster relief operations, assisting in national development, nature conservation efforts and participation in international peacekeeping mission.
Royal Nepalese Army in Indian Sepoy Mutiny
Royal Nepalese Army in The First World War 1914–1918
Royal Nepalese Army in Waziristhan War
Royal Nepalese Army in Afghan War −1919
Royal Nepalese Army in The Second World War
Royal Nepalese Army in Hyderbad Action – 1948
Disarmament of the Khampas – 1974
In 1974, the then Royal Nepalese Army (RNA) was mobilized to disarm the Tibetan Khampas,